One of the most astonishing form of art are the bonsai trees. Bonsai is an art of growing trees in a pot to form a miniature version of a tree. It is said that bonsai originate from Egypt where some of the artifacts were found. Pictorial records from around 4000 BC show trees growing in containers. It is said that Pharaoh Ramesses III donated gardens consisting of potted date palms, olives, and other plants to hundreds of temples.
Bonsai development comes in different techniques to form a unique bonsai plant. The form of the bonsai plant depends on the cultivation and techniques used.
1. Leaf trimming – Selective removal of leaves from the specimen.
2. Pruning – The removal of the plants branches.
3. Wiring – The installation of copper or aluminum wire into the plants branches to have a detailed branch placement.
4. Clamping – It is used to bend branches of big specimens to direct the branch into desirable direction.
5. Grafting – The insertion of new branch in the specimen’s trunk.
6. Defoliation – It is a short term in reducing the size of the leaves by cutting making a cut in the stem of the leaves.
7. Deadwood – Is a method of producing dead part or mature part of the specimen by removing the bark or flaming using a torch.
1. Watering – Bonsai tree has a limited space for its roots to grow and the specimen requires regular attention. Factors such as sun’s heat and wind can dry the soil in a short period of time. Bonsai requires regular watering but with moderation because too much watering can trigger fungal growth in the roots. Most preferably 2 times a week for indoor bonsai and every other day for outdoor bonsai and take note, do not rely on rainfall.
2. Repotting – Bonsai must be repotted depending on the dictate of its vigor. When you will see roots coming out of the pot and that’s the time to repot. It is best done during spring time because the specimen is getting ready for new sprouts and pruning the roots will not affect the plant.
3. Fertilization and Soil selection – The soil is the key component of the plants growth and your bonsai plant’s soil composed of loose and fast draining mix. Maintaining the amount of soil in the pot is a vital role. Fertilization helps a bonsai specimen to maintain its heath and vigor.
4. Containers – Containers should be well designed to have a good draining capability. It is important that you will select good quality containers so that your bonsai will not be compromised and always remember this, health comes first.
2. Informal upright style
3. Semi-cascade style
4. Forest style
5. Root-over-rock style